United States Prime Rate

also known as the Fed, National or United States Prime Rate,
from the interest-rate specialists at www.FedPrimeRate.comSM

Wednesday, September 22, 2010

When Will the US Prime Rate Go Up?

When Will the US Prime Rate Go Up?
When Will The Prime Rate Rise?
Too many Americans are worried about their finances. The latest numbers out of the Labor Department say it all: As of August 2010, the jobless rate in the United States is 9.6%, and there are now close to 15 million unemployed people across the country. Those fortunate enough to have steady employment aren’t resting easy either. The National Bureau of Economic Research recently announced that the Great Recession, which began in December 2007, ended in June of 2009. However, since last summer, economic growth has been lackluster at best. Sluggish growth means that all types of companies may continue to cut costs by, among other possible actions, reducing their payrolls.

What do high employment and slow economic growth have to do with the US Prime Rate? Actually, everything. It’s because so many Americans are jobless, and because the economy is anemic with virtually no inflation, that the Prime Rate in the United States won’t rise any time soon; certainly not before the end of 2010.

The Prime Rate is used as an index for many financial products, like consumer credit cards, business credit cards, personal loans, home equity lines of credit and business loans.

The Federal Reserve (The Fed), which serves as America’s central bank, controls the Prime Rate, via the benchmark fed funds target rate. The formula is easy: US Prime Rate = (the fed funds target rate + 3). The target fed funds rate is the most important short-term interest rate in the United States. It determines the cost of overnight loans between American banks.

In response to the global banking crisis and Great Recession of recent years, the Fed lowered the target fed funds rate to a range of 0% - 0.25%. It was an unprecedented move by the Fed, one that caused the Prime Rate to drop to 3.25%, in accordance with the formula delineated above. Now, since the Fed has lowered its benchmark rate to its lowest possible level, that means the current US Prime Rate – 3.25% -- is also as low as it can go.

So when will the Prime Rate rise? Answer: when the Fed is satisfied that the US economy is not just growing, but growing sustainably, and at pace that will prompt companies to add new and previously laid off workers to their payrolls. Before the Fed will even consider raising the fed funds target rate, there will have to be a whole lot fewer than 15 million unemployed people in the United States, and threat of deflation will have to have been eliminated.  The Fed will likely be looking for an unemployment rate of around 5.5% or lower, with GDP growth of around 3%, for at least two, back-to-back quarters.

The Fed wants inflation to rise at a moderate pace, and to get as many jobless Americans back to work. That is, after all, the Fed’s dual mandate, it’s raison d’etre: price stability, and maximum, sustainable employment.

So if you want to know when the Fed will move short-term rates -- including the Prime Rate -- higher, then pay attention to the latest business news. If you hear or read that:

  • nonfarm payrolls have been rising at a strong pace month-after-month, and
  • the economy is growing and likely to continue expanding at a respectable pace, and
  • the cost of goods and services, from food and energy to cell phones and hair cuts, are increasing at a moderate to strong pace (keep an eye on the PCE Price Index and the Consumer Price Index.)  The Federal Reserve has an inflation target of 2.0%.

then, at that point, the Fed is likely to start sending clear signals that a rate hike is in the offing.

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Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Sixth FOMC Meeting of 2010 Adjourned: U.S. Prime Rate Holds At 3.25%

FOMC votes to leave short-term rates unchanged; Prime Rate holds at 3.25%The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) of the Federal Reserve has just adjourned its sixth monetary policy meeting of 2010 and, in accordance with our most recent forecast, has voted to leave short-term interest rates at their current levels. Therefore, the benchmark target range for the federal funds rate will remain at 0% - 0.25%, and the U.S. Prime Rate (also known as the WSJ, national or Fed Prime Rate) will remain unchanged at the current 3.25%.

Here's a clip from today's FOMC press release (note the text in bold):

"...Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in August indicates that the pace of recovery in output and employment has slowed in recent months. Household spending is increasing gradually, but remains constrained by high unemployment, modest income growth, lower housing wealth, and tight credit. Business spending on equipment and software is rising, though less rapidly than earlier in the year, while investment in nonresidential structures continues to be weak. Employers remain reluctant to add to payrolls. Housing starts are at a depressed level. Bank lending has continued to contract, but at a reduced rate in recent months. The Committee anticipates a gradual return to higher levels of resource utilization in a context of price stability, although the pace of economic recovery is likely to be modest in the near term.

Measures of underlying inflation are currently at levels somewhat below those the Committee judges most consistent, over the longer run, with its mandate to promote maximum employment and price stability. With substantial resource slack continuing to restrain cost pressures and longer-term inflation expectations stable, inflation is likely to remain subdued for some time before rising to levels the Committee considers consistent with its mandate.

The Committee will maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 0 to 1/4 percent and continues to anticipate that economic conditions, including low rates of resource utilization, subdued inflation trends, and stable inflation expectations, are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels for the federal funds rate for an extended period. The Committee also will maintain its existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from its securities holdings.

The Committee will continue to monitor the economic outlook and financial developments and is prepared to provide additional accommodation if needed to support the economic recovery and to return inflation, over time, to levels consistent with its mandate.

Voting for the FOMC monetary policy action were: Ben S. Bernanke, Chairman; William C. Dudley, Vice Chairman; James Bullard; Elizabeth A. Duke; Sandra Pianalto; Eric S. Rosengren; Daniel K. Tarullo; and Kevin M. Warsh.

Voting against the policy was Thomas M. Hoenig, who judged that the economy continues to recover at a moderate pace. Accordingly, he believed that continuing to express the expectation of exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period was no longer warranted and will lead to future imbalances that undermine stable long-run growth. In addition, given economic and financial conditions, Mr. Hoenig did not believe that continuing to reinvest principal payments from its securities holdings was required to support the Committee’s policy objectives..."

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